How the current practices of fertilization and chemical use results in less nutritious food

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Sand & Moringa Seed Water Filter Removes Bacteria

In the new study, the team, including a group of Penn State undergraduates led by graduate student Boya Xiong, packed the sticky sand into filter columns about 1 cm in diameter and 5-10 cm high, and testing the columns with extract from different amounts of seed to optimize performance. In experiments with 1-µm-diameter polystyrene particles, which have about the same size and charge as bacteria, they found that the sticky sand caught 99.99% of particles, compared with 13.55% for sand alone. The sticky sand also removed 108 viable E. coli cells per milliliter. They estimate that a household-scale filter 1 meter tall and 5 cm in diameter that provides 10 L of water per day would require 0.2 kg of seeds per year, whereas a Moringa tree produces about 480 kg of seeds per year.

Tropical tree seeds provide sustainable water filtration | Chemical & Engineering News

After 72 hours of exposure to biomass particulate from burning, over 30% of cultured human lung cells died.

Burning of biomass releases particulate matter air pollution that causes oxidative stress as well as severe DNA damage in human lung cells — primarily through the actions of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) known as retene.

Researchers first determined the concentration of pollutants to be used in the lab experiments designed to mimic the exposure suffered by people who live in the area of the deforestation arc. Using mathematical models, the researchers calculated the human lung’s capacity to inhale particulate matter at the height of the burning season and the percentage of pollutants that is deposited in lung cells. Based on this theoretical mass, they determined the concentration levels to be tested using cultured cells.

After 72 hours of exposure, over 30% of cultured human lung cells died.

Biomass burning in the Amazon region causes DNA damage and cell death in human lung cells
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-11024-3

Kids & Sticky-finger Superbugs on Farms

A study about superbugs on industrial hog farms using antibiotics claims children of workers were more than twice as likely to have their noses stuffed with drug-resistant germs than other kids. That the sticky fingers of booger-mining kids could be important spreaders of drug-resistant germs, something to be aware of. You can read about it on ars: https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/farm-raised-superbugs-find-their-way-into-kids-noses-somehow/

Fructose is Generated in the Brain

The researchers found cerebral fructose levels rose significantly in response to a glucose infusion, with minimal changes in fructose levels in the blood. They surmised that the high concentration of fructose in the brain was due to a metabolic pathway called the polyol pathway that converts glucose to fructose.

YaleNews | Fructose is generated in the human brain

Cells utilise fructose for garbage collection and suggests to me the glucose could be causing inflammation.

Is Raw Food Alive?

Keep in mind watching this that our stomachs produce gastric acids and other compounds that help digest food along with our fermenting microbial friends. And that heating can change the chemical structure of foods trading one thing for another, for better or worse, and more often than not it’s probably the latter. Cooking also leaches or evaporates a certain amount of nutrients. However like drying food, cooking can also concentrate nutrient in the portions we eat due to reduced water content. Food is complicated.

What the video doesn’t cover however is that raw food surfaces are also covered in living microorganisms that studies have shown don’t completely wash off, even after sterilisation attempts. Endophytes also live inside plants and may contribute to the digestive microbiome. One study mentioned by Christopher Lowry below showed spinach has over 800 endophyte species. Cooking not only kills the plants but also these microorganisms that may be acting as probiotics.